Sometimes you can get stuck in a rut and wonder how to keep your perennial gardens looking beautiful and full of color throughout the entire growing season, and even year-round. One of the biggest benefits of growing perennials in your garden instead of annual flowers is that perennials last for many years… but the downside is that perennial flowers only bloom for a short time.
Many people worry that their perennial garden looks amazing for a few weeks every summer, but it’s dull and boring the rest of the year because nothing else ever flowers. Don’t worry, this is very common for newbie gardeners, and it’s caused by something called flower fixation.
Ok, I just made up that term, but it’s a real problem! Let me explain…
THE BIGGEST PERENNIAL GARDENING MISTAKE
When it comes to planting a perennial garden, people focus waaaay too much on flowers. Think about it. You walk into the garden center to buy perennials, and what’s the first thing that pops out at you …the flowers, right? In fact, garden centers usually only sell plants that are in full bloom (they have chemicals to control the bloom times). Once those plants are done blooming, they quickly disappear from the store (or go on the clearance rack where I buy them, muahahaha!).
So, for example, when I walk into a garden center during the summer, this is what I will see and most people think, BAM, those flowers look amazing together so I’ll get them for my garden! I mean, how could you go wrong with this amazing color combo, right?!? But, since we love to buy perennial plants that are flowering, we tend to forget to think about how long those flowers will last, or what time of year they will bloom once they’re established in our garden.
PERENNIALS MADE EASY
The best thing to do when you’re working on building a perennial garden with non-stop color is to first focus on the foliage, and not the flowers.
For example, take a look at this garden area pictured…Even though there’s not really anything blooming, this perennial garden is still very colorful and beautiful. That’s because it mixes different colors and textures of foliage, rather than everything just being plain, boring green. There are tons of gorgeous plants out there that add wonderful color to the garden, even when they’re not blooming.
These days, perennial plants come in chartreuse, lime green, dark green, variegated, silver, burgundy, purple, pink, red… well, you can pretty much name your foliage color! So, the next time you walk into the garden center, I challenge you to try to ignore the flowers up in your face and focus only on the foliage of the plants.
Think about how you can mix the different foliage colors, textures, shapes, and sizes into your garden. Try not to plant perennials with the same color foliage next to each other, rather put foliage with contrasting textures and colors next to each other whenever you can. If you already have a boring, green garden, then adding colorful foliage is the fastest way to rejuvenate the garden and add tons of immediate color! Ok, NOW we can focus on flowers (color and bloom time!).
TIPS FOR CREATING AN EVER-BLOOMING PERENNIAL GARDEN
Ahhhh flowers, who doesn’t love to see a garden bursting with beautiful flowers? But be careful, don’t let flower fixation set in again here. The next thing to focus on is bloom time, NOT how the flowers look in the garden center. Make sure to read the plant tag on every perennial before you decide to buy it. The tag will tell you when you can expect the plant to bloom once it’s established in your garden, and how large it will get (so you don’t have an ugly, overgrown looking garden full of huge plants in a few years). Sometimes they even give you companion suggestions of what other plants look best when combined with this one. Ok, wait. Let me show you one more to really drive this home… take a look at the garden area below. Only one flower is blooming, but look at that amazing, bold contrast of the orange lily against the backdrop of dark purple perennials and variegated sedum foliage, and the variegated iris spikes in the middle. YES! That’s what I’m talking about! AND, this area will look just as gorgeous in early spring when the irises and peonies are blooming, as it will in the fall once the sedum and lavender flowers steal the show!
So, include perennials that bloom at different times throughout the season. And mix them together as much as you can. I try not to plant more than 2-3 perennials that will be blooming at the same time next to each other in the garden. I like to layer in as much color, height and texture as I can so my garden areas are ever-blooming and gorgeous through the entire growing season. Ever-blooming color, mixed with all of your colorful foliage, will create eye-popping perennial flower beds that will be the envy of all your friends and neighbors.
FOUR SEASON PERENNIAL GARDENS?
Flower fixation usually leads to gardens that are gorgeous during the peak of summer… but dull and boring in the spring, fall and winter. So, as you select your garden perennials, think of what your garden will look like during the entire 12 months of the year, and plant accordingly. You may never think about what your garden will look like during the winter, but I love to leave a lot of my garden cleanup chores until spring. Leaving tall plants in the garden creates winter interest and is also great for wildlife.
GARDEN PERENNIALS FOR EVERY SEASON
- Early spring color – spring blooming bulbs (like tulips, crocus and daffodils) will add the first splashes of color in early spring. Creeping phlox, ajuga, bleeding heart, and colorful foliage plants (like sedums) won’t be far behind.
- Spring/early summer color – flowering perennials like peonies, lupine, irises, hardy geraniums, spirea, honeysuckle, weigela, and poppies. This is also when the foliage colors from hostas, coral bells, sedums, and lungwort really start to pop.
- Summer blooming perennials – lillies, coneflowers, hardy hibiscus, rudbeckia, butterfly weed, phlox, liatris, sage, black-eyed Susan… I could go on and on, but nobody seems to have trouble finding summer perennial flowers!
- Fall/late blooming perennials – sedum (the ones with colorful foliage are especially great for adding year-round color), rue, Russian sage, mums, turtlehead, Japanese anemone, and hardy aster. Prune spent flowers and burnt-out foliage of early perennials to help make the fall bloomers and their foliage colors really stand out.
- Variable blooming plants – Roses, hydrangeas, astilbe and clematis are examples of popular perennials that can have a large range of bloom times (depending on which types you get), so be sure to check the tag and mix together ones that bloom in the early spring, summer and late summer.
- Perennials for winter interest – leave tall flowers like coneflowers, astilbe, rudbeckia, sedum, and hydrangea in the garden over the winter to add. Some of the flowers contain seeds that feed the birds too.
MAINTENANCE TIPS FOR PERENNIALS MADE EASY!
- Keep the weeds at bay: Mulching or rocking your perennial gardens will help keep the weeds from taking over and make maintenance much easier.
- Mulch also creates a lovely backdrop for perennials that really make the colors pop! I’d use a natural hardwood mulch that will break down slowly or river rock.
Feed your plants: Perennials need a lot of energy to look their best, so make sure you fertilize them during the spring and summer months. When it comes to feeding the garden, I always recommend using natural fertilizers rather than chemical ones. Chemical fertilizers don’t work as well over the long-term and they can easily cause fertilizer burn, which can be fatal to sensitive plants. So, stick with fertilizers that come from nature.
- I like to use a mix of slow-release granular fertilizer and organic liquid
Prune regularly: Pruning perennials not only helps to keep the garden looking tidy, it also helps plants look their best by growing bushy, full and compact (and pruning can encourage more flowers too!).
Pros recommend pruning your perennials at least once a month to remove spent flowers and burnt-out foliage. To make pruning easy, get yourself a few pairs of quality pruners.
Stake your plants: Some plants can get a little top-heavy when they’re covered in gorgeous blooms and can flop to the ground under all that weight.
To keep flowers blooming longer, and your garden looking it’s best, stake any plants that need the extra support. Whatever you choose to use to stake your perennials, just make sure you don’t tie the plants too tightly to the stakes and leave plenty of room for growth.
Mixing several plants from this list of perennial flowers into one garden area will ensure your perennial garden will be popping with color all season long, and ever-blooming through the entire growing season. Perennial gardening shouldn’t be difficult! Just remember, avoiding flower fixation will lead to amazing perennial gardens. So, get out there, and have fun shopping